How to Change Fonts In Edge

 The new Chromium-based  Microsoft Edge provides settings that enable the user  to change font in order to fit preferred viewing requirements. Edge’s default font size can be customized globally for all websites that do not use a predefined style, as well as for settings. 

Change Only Default Font Size

To change the default font size on Microsoft Edge using predefined settings, follow these steps:

    • Open Microsoft Edge browser.
    • Click the ellipsis (three-dot) button from the top-right.
    • Click Settings on the menu.
    • Click on Appearance.
    • Under the “Fonts” section, use the Font size drop-down menu and select a predefined option:
      • Very small
      • Small
      • Medium
      • Large
    •  From now on the new font size will be registered in the settings page as well as for websites.


      Font Customization in Edge

      To change the default font styles and size so they are more customized, follow these steps:

      • Open Microsoft Edge browser.
      • Click the ellipsis (three-dot) button from the top-right.
      • Click Settings on the menu.
      • Click on Appearance.
      • Under the “Fonts” section, click the Customize fonts option.
      • Use the Font size slider to adjust the size of the font size.
      • Use the Minimum font size slider to increase or decrease the minimum size.
      • Use the available drop-down menus to choose a different font style for:
        • Standard font
        • Serif font
        • Sans-serif font
        • Fixed-width font

After following these steps, the Microsoft Edge browser will use the specified font size for settings and websites so that the customized font style will appear for any website that does not have a defined font.

If you have not already tried the new Edge, it can be downloaded here:

Microsoft Updates, January 2020

I usually post the monthly updates at Lenovo Community Forums, but they are still in Read-Only mode, so I am posting them here for my followers.

Microsoft Updates

The Microsoft January security updates have been released:
7 are rated Critical
41 are rated Important

For more information about the updates released today, see
Use the search box to determine which updates are needed for your system.
Information about the updates for Windows 10 is available at Windows 10 Update history.

MSRT — Microsoft released an updated version of the Microsoft Windows Malicious Software Removal Tool on Windows Update, Microsoft Update, Windows Server Update Services, and the Download Center.

* As of January 14, 2020) Windows 7 and Windows Server 2008 R2 will be out of extended support and no longer getting security updates.


Adobe Updates

Adobe released Version of Adobe Flash Player for Windows, macOS, Linux and Chrome OS. Once again, the update contains assorted functional fixes.
NOTE: The embedded ActiveX Flash for Windows 8.1 and Windows 10 remains at version

Microsoft Edge and Internet Explorer 11: Security updates for Adobe Flash Player are automatically updated to the latest version for Windows 8.1 and 10 via Windows Update.
Direct downloads for Windows 7 and earlier [as well as Win 8.1/10 NPAPI & PPAPI ]:
Revised installer links located toward bottom of: 

Internet Explorer

NPAPI/Plugin-based browsers (Firefox, PaleMoon .etc) –

PPAPI/Pepper-Chromium based browsers


Restoring Corrupted or Old Versions of Files In Windows 10


I inadvertently deleted a previous version of file. How can I restore it?


Windows has a tool that can help you with this, if it has been enabled prior to your needing restoration. Once File History has been configured to your liking, you can restore previous versions of files by using any of these methods:

1. Launch a File History restore operation by accessing a file’s Properties page and using the controls on the Previous Versions tab. Navigate to the current version of the file. Right-click on the file>Properties

2. Launch the File History tool and navigate to the Restore command at the bottom of the Backup Options page. To do this, in the search box on the task bar, type restore files, and then select Restore your files with File History. Look for the file that you need. Use the arrows to view all of its versions. When you find the version you want, select Restore in order to save it in its original location. To save it in a different place, right-click Restore, select Restore to, and then choose a new location.

3. Launch the restore operation from within File Explorer. Navigate to the directory where the original file resided. Select the file in File Explorer. Click the History button. File History will open the most recent backup copy of the file in a preview mode. You can scroll through all the available versions by using the Previous and Next buttons at the bottom of your screen. Once you locate the version that you want to restore, just click the green Restore button. File History will prompt you for the next step. The default choice is Replace The File In The Destination. However, if you wish to keep both files, there is also an option for that.

You’ll also notice a small cog icon in the upper-right corner of the File History window. Clicking the icon and choosing Restore To will open the Restore To dialog. This will enable you to select another location on your hard disk to restore the file to, so that you can review both files and decide later which to keep.


System Restore Fails After Windows 10 Update

Windows 10 updates may be installed automatically or manually. The updates may install the newest Windows 10 version and/or patch security issues and introduce other features.

Sometimes Windows 10 users who run into issues after updating, attempt to use System Restore to restore the system to an earlier version. Microsoft notes that it may happen that Windows 10 cannot be restored to an earlier version and that users receive the Stop Error (0xc000021a).
Consider the following scenario:
You install Windows 10 on a clean computer.
You turn on system protection, and then create a system restore point that is named “R1.”
You install one or more Windows 10 updates.
After the updates have finished installing, you restore the system to the “R1” restore point. In this scenario, the system is not restored to the “R1” restore point. Instead, the computer experiences a Stop error (0xc000021a). You restart the computer, but the system cannot return to the Windows desktop.
However, in this scenario, the system is not restored to the “R1” restore point. Instead, the computer experiences a Stop error (0xc000021a). You restart the computer, but the system cannot return to the Windows desktop.

This happens because Windows stages the restoration of files that are in use during a system restore process. The information is saved to the Windows Registry and the restoration completes on the next start of the PC. In this particular situation however, Windows 10 loads the current drivers before restoration. That results in a mismatch and the Stop Error.

There are two ways to fix this issue:
1.Disable Driver signature enforcement
2.Use the WinRE method to restore the system


1.Disable Driver signature enforcement

* Boot the computer into the Windows Recovery Environment by restarting and holding down the Shift key. The environment should be loaded automatically after several failed restarts.
* Select Troubleshoot > Advanced Options > More Recovery Options > Startup Settings > Restart Now.
* The list of startup options is displayed.
* In the list of startup settings, select Disable driver signature enforcement using the arrow keys.
* Follow the instructions. Allow the startup process to continue.
* When the computer reboots, the system restore process should resume and finish. These steps restore the computer to the state that it was in before you started the restore process.

2. Use WinRE

Microsoft also suggests that System Restore can be run using the Windows Recovery Environment and not through the Settings application. To restore Windows to a restore point by using WinRE instead of the Settings dialog box, from the Windows desktop:
* Use Windows-I or select Start > Settings > Update & Security > Recovery.
* Under Advanced options, select Restart now.
* After WinRE starts, select Troubleshoot > Advanced options > System restore.
* Enter your recovery key as it is shown on the screen.
* Follow the instructions in the System Restore Wizard to select a system restore point and restore the system.



How To Recover From A Failed Windows 10 Restart and Roll Back System Restore

Perhaps you have installed a Windows 10 Update, but the computer failed to restart normally. You attempted to use System Restore but your Restore Point did not work.

To recover from a failed restart and roll back the restore process:
1.Boot the computer into the Windows Recovery Environment by restarting and holding down the Shift key. The environment should be loaded automatically after several failed restarts.
2.In the Windows Recovery Environment, select Troubleshoot > Advanced options > System Restore, and then select Undo System Restore.

For additional information on troubleshooting System Restore after a Windows 10 Update please see:



Review: ThinkPad X395 – Windows 1809 Successful Upgrade to 1903

Lenovo Advocates are often called on to do testing and reviews for products. Recently one of these packages from Lenovo arrived on my doorstep.

This time it was a product from the ThinkPad family. ThinkPads are popular with business professionals because of their sleek, often referred to as “sexy”, design, power, mobility, durability, and many features including a Kensington lock slot.

There are options available at order, but the following were included in the ThinkPad that I received for review:

Operating System: Windows 10 Pro v. 1809 (build 17763-437)

[Update 6/19/2019: The X395 received Windows 10 Feature Update 1903. Updating went smoothly and quickly. Everything continues to run well. I am loving all the new features included in 1903. ]


542.77 Gigabytes Usable HD Capacity

484.92 Gigabyte HD Free Space


14250 Megabytes Usable installed Memory

(Slot ‘DIMM o’ has 8192 MB/ Slot ‘DIMM o’ has 8192 MB)


The model that I tested has a 13” Full HD IPS touchscreen. Pen not included.

AMD Radecon Vega 10 Graphics (Display Adapter)

1920×1080 (monitor)

Quite a bit of my hours on the X395 were spent creating designs for a watch face business. My graphics application performed well by displaying clear colors. Not an OLED display, but this one was adequate for the current project. Thumbs up for the processor because there was no lag as I worked on multi-layered multiple images at the same time.


The X395 sports Lenovo’s classic spill resistant ThinkPad design with trackpad and red TrackPoint. Key travel is smooth – typical of the ThinkPad line. The LED backlit keyboard seems to be standard on the X395. It has always been something that I appreciate, and on a ThinkPad keyboard that is the best of all worlds.

Ports and Slots on the X395 Review Unit:

USB 3.1 (Gen 1)

USB 3.1 (Gen 2) (Always on)

2 x USB-C 3.1 Gen 2 (Power Delivery, DisplayPort, Data transfer)**

Ethernet port via RJ45 Extension Adapter. The adapter is sold separately.

MicroSD card reader

Headphone / mic combo

AMD versions include newer HDMI v2.0 ports versus v1.4 on the Intel SKUs.

The AMD versions do not have Thunderbolt 3 ports or QHD panel options.

Docking Option:

Existing mechanical side docking stations sold separately for the T490 or X390 series will be compatible with these new AMD SKUs and will support self-leveling at different angles. It was a pleasant surprise to find that the ThinkPad Pro side docking station that I’ve been using on a T480s is compatible with the X395 review unit.


According to Lenovo, these new AMD models offer up to four additional hours of battery time on a charge compared to past models. Depending settings, usage, and other variables the X395 is predicted to deliver up to 14.5 hours of battery life. Rapid Charge technology using a 65W AC adapter provides 80% capacity in an hour. Due to time constraints, I did not have a chance to check on battery life accurately, but will edit this as soon as I am able to test that.


Sound Card:

AMD Hi Def

Realtek Hi Def


Realtek Audio


Realtek Audio dual noise-cancelling microphones offer 360-degree reception for use with conferencing.


Dolby Audio™ Premium

Privacy and Security:

In addition to facial recognition and the fingerprint reader that has been around for a few years, The X395 has a ThinkShutter webcam cover. This was my first experience with a component that I had only heard about and read about until now. I was looking for something to slide across the camera, and almost missed the slider that now is flush with the edge of the bezel. The new X395 will also optionally offer an ePrivacy filter called the ThinkPad PrivacyGuard for shielding the display from over-the-shoulder viewers nearby. According to Lenovo this privacy feature, along with an early warning Privacy Alert, will be available for X395 in a month or so.

Lenovo mentions:

“…unique to the 2nd Gen Ryzen PRO Processors, AMD Memory Guard (transparent secure memory encryption (TSME)) helps provide protection against cold boot attacks, if an attacker has physical access to the system. AMD Memory Guard provides OS and application-independent DRAM encryption, performing real-time encryption/decryption of system RAM….


When it comes to mobility weight is always a factor. The X395 weighs in at 2.83lb / 1.28kg. That translates into being a convenient sidekick for any business traveler.


In all, in spite of having to wait for this ThinkPad’s new screen privacy features, from the weight to the enhanced privacy and battery life, I feel that the X395 will serve home users, businesses, and most importantly, business travelers well.

Read more here:



Using Windows 10 Update for v. 1809 and Later

As of Windows 10 v.1809, for the regular end-user it is now recommended to wait until Windows Updates are offered so that the updates are stable.

“Patch Tuesday” or Update Tuesday updates are published on the second Tuesday of each month. They are known as the “B” release .  They are the regular monthly releases that include both new security fixes and previously released security and non-security fixes. These updates have been fully tested and are expected to be stable.

Optional non-security  validated, production-quality “C” and “D” updates are released at Week 3 and 4 each month. They are for commercial and advanced users for testing fixes to be included in the next Tuesday update. Advanced users can obtain the “C” and “D” releases by navigating to Settings > Update & Security > Windows Update and clicking the “Check for updates” box.

Bottom line: If you use “Check for Updates” you may be offered “C” or “D” updates. Unless you are an advanced user and are interested in testing, wait for the regular “Patch Tuesday” or do it during Week 2 for “B” fixes.

Additional Information:…

What To Expect In Windows 10 Feature Update 1809

Windows 10’s feature update 1809 was rolled out on October 2 but was stopped on October 6th after some major problems. It was re-released on November 13 and is being sent to Windows 10 users in phases, so it might be some time before you see it arrive on your computer. It is the company’s sixth feature update since Windows 10 was released in 2015.

Here is a look at the most notable new features can expect to be seen for improving user experience:

Clipboard History and Cloud Sync
The new Clipboard can keep multiple clips, store clips permanently, let you preview clips and choose which ones to paste into a document, and share clips across Windows 10 devices.
*To enable this feature: Go to Settings > System > Clipboard and toggle on both Clipboard history and Sync across devices.
*To copy to the Clipboard highlight what you want to copy and press Ctrl + C, or use an application’s menu, such as Insert > Copy in Office applications. Another way would be right-clicking an image on the web and selecting Copy Image from the menu that appears.
* To view Clipboard history, hit Windows key + V.
* To clean off the Clipboard, clips can be deleted individually or deleted all at once.
Dark Mode for File Explorer
With 1809 users will get a more unified dark color scheme throughout the OS when you opt to turn it on. Enabling it can be done by going to Settings > Personalization > Colors and select Dark under the Choose your default app mode section.

Edge Improvements
Edge includes a new sidebar Options menu for organizing Favorites, Reading list, and History. There are also improvements to Edge’s built-in PDF Reader and several other performance improvements. Edge users will now be able to stop autoplay videos, music, and other media.

Enlarged Text Option
1809 users will have an easier way to make things larger by simply going to Settings > Ease of Access > Display. Use the slider to adjust the size of the text, and hit Apply

Screen Snip Tool Change
The favorite Screen Snipping Tool will be improved and will now be called Snip & Sketch to combine the Snipping tool with Windows Ink Workspace into a modern experience. That will enable users to take a screenshot and immediately edit and annotate in order to share the shot within the same interface.

Search Menu Improvement
1809 will include recent documents, tasks, quick answers from the web, and more. The user interface (UI) is also wider and allows easier access to info and other items.
Storage Sense Is Smarter
Storage Sense automatically cleans your hard disk to free up disk space. In the Windows 10 October 2018 Update Storage Sense works with OneDrive Files On-Demand to clean out files that you don’t use on your local PC. In order to use Storage Sense go to Settings > System > Storage and move the slider in the Storage Sense section to On > Click “Change how we free up space automatically”. Scroll to the “Locally available cloud content” section. In the OneDrive section, select the time period for how long you would like the cloud files to remain on your computer before you want them deleted ( Never, 1 day, 14 days, 30 days or 60 days).

Your Phone App Feature
For Android owners after linking a phone to Windows 10, they will be able to share web links and sync texts and photos between their phone and computer. Pictures will automatically sync when the phone and PC are connected. Fewer features are available to iPhone users because of Apple’s platform restrictions. While Android users will benefit most, iPhone owners can send links from the Edge iOS app to open on Edge on their PC. Phone owners will see a shortcut to this app on their desktop.

Additional Resources:

Born’s Tech and Windows World


Computer World


Older Features Scheduled for Removal In Windows 10 v. 1809, October 2018

In October 2018 Windows Update servers will begin delivering Windows 10 version 1809 to current installations of Windows 10 that have been running for at least 30 days. Each time there is a feature update, Microsoft adds and/or removes other features.

As of this writing, here are some of the removals slated for 1809:
1. Disk Cleanup Tool
The Storage Sense feature that came with the recent Windows 10 v. 1803 works almost the same as the familiar Disk Cleanup Tool. However, the feature is currently turned off by default. To enable and configure Storage Sense from Settings options:
Click Settings > System > “Change how we free up space automatically”. This will open the Storage Sense settings on your PC. Simply turn it on so that it will be ready to use.

2. Snipping Tool
The Snipping Tool, a favorite of many, has been replaced by the Screen Sketch Tool which includes support for freehand screenshots as well. There will be a shortcut in the action center for this.

3. Business Scanning or Distributed Scan Management (DSM)
There are no devices which now support this technology. This was a function of Windows Server 2008 R2 were devices which could scan, where integrated into the document workflow of an organization.

4. Font Smoothing setting in unattend.xml
The mention of FontSmoothing in the unattend.xml file will be ignored. It is not necessary because Windows 10 now uses ClearType. Previously, this was used to specify whether font smoothing is enabled, and which type.

5. Hologram app
The Hologram app is used to view the 3D paintings created using Paint3D. Windows 10 uses the Mixed Reality Viewer instead.

6. Trusted Platform Module (TPM) management console
Microsoft has moved their Device and Security to Windows Defender. The information which was previously available through TPM console, can now be seen in the Device security page in the Windows Defender Security Center.

7. limpet.exe
This tool was used to access TPM for Azure connectivity. It will be open source now so that other developers can meet the needs of users who may want it.

8. Phone Companion
All the features that were available with the Phone Companion App will be available in a new Phone Page App.

9. Future updates for Windows Embedded Standard 8 and Windows Embedded 8 Standard
The WEDU update server will stop pushing new updates. Therefore, updates for Windows 8 Embedded version, will need to be manually downloaded from the Microsoft Update Catalog. 

Microsoft has also stopped developing Companion device dynamic lock APIS and OneSync service because their functionality is now available in other Windows 10 components.

If you have feedback about the proposed changes, you can use the Windows 10 Feedback Hub.

Additional Information:

What Is Windows 10 Feedback Hub and How Do I Use It?

Feedback Hub for all users of Windows 10 is a communication tool included in the Windows 10 operating system as of the 2016 Anniversary Update. Feedback Hub is the combination of a previously released Windows Feedback app and the Insider Hub for Windows Insiders. Currently, the app is available from the Microsoft Store for anyone to install. A Microsoft account and an internet connection are required to use Feedback Hub for full functionality, but once those requirements are met, the Hub can be used by anyone running Windows 10 or Windows 10 Mobile. This allows everyone to submit feedback to the Windows team at Microsoft.


An “Enhanced” setting permits a user to send verbatim feedback. A “Full” setting allows the user to send diagnostic information in order for Microsoft to diagnose a specific problem on an owner’s device.

The Hub’s forum type feature not only includes a feedback board for submitting suggestions and problems, but also provides announcements on new Insider Previews of Windows and apps, “quests” for testing new workflows, and a dashboard for tracking achievements in the Feedback Hub. The home view shows a search box for feedback, a count of feedback provided and upvotes received, a list of new features, options for rating the Windows build the user is currently using, and links to a user’s profile and external information about Windows and the Windows Insider Program. A user will have the ability upvote and comment on ideas from other users as well. The Feedback hub not only also provides news and gives users the opportunity to rate Windows 10 builds, but it includes ways to complete feedback quests, and to earn badges.

For more information on using the Feedback Hub and its Basic, Full, Enhanced settings please see: Send feedback to Microsoft with the Feedback Hub app

Sources and Photo Credit: